Our two previous blog posts related to educator preparation reviewed data pertaining to the number of certified teachers in public schools in Texas, as well as the productivity of Educator Preparation Programs (EPP). This blog post turns our analytical lens to reviewing one measure of teacher quality in the form of the Texas Education Agency’s (TEA) Principal Survey of First-Year Teachers.
Data from the 2021 survey administration provided by TEA reports first-year teacher ratings by a number of variables: gender, race/ethnicity, EPP type, and certification level. In the visualizations below, we explore average ratings of items within survey sections while disaggregating the results by race/ethnicity and EPP type. As a reminder, Traditional EPPs include all pathways to certification (traditional, alternative, and post-baccalaureate) that are offered by a college or university in Texas, while Alternative EPPs are “nontraditional routes to certification” that are not affiliated with a college or university that allow individuals with a bachelor’s degree to serve as teachers-of-record while completing teacher certification requirements in Texas.
Survey Results (Overall)
Survey Results by Ethnicity, Section, and EPP Type
Teacher Effectiveness and Student Achievement
Based on the analysis of Principal Survey data, first-year teachers who earned their teaching certification through Traditional EPPs not only out-performed first-year teachers from Alternative EPPs on each survey item in general, but also when comparing results within race/ethnicity groups. This means that the average rating for Traditional EPP-trained teachers is higher than the average rating of Alternative EPPs across each of the 200 possible item-level comparisons in the survey data. These data that serve as the primary mechanism used by TEA to evaluate the efficacy of EPPs in training classroom teachers seems to indicate that traditional, university-based EPPs are producing better-prepared, higher-quality first-year teachers than Alternative EPPs based on the Principal Survey ratings.