333 Exemption – An FAA exemption based on Section 333 of the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (FMRA) which grants the Secretary of Transportation the authority to determine whether an airworthiness certificate is required for a UAS to operate safely in the National Airspace System. A Section 333 exemption must be accompanied by a Civil Certificate of Waiver or Authorization (COA). 333 exemptions are no longer issued by the FAA. Since the Civil COA process has been replaced with Part 107, which allows for a Certificate of Waiver (CoW), most Civil COAs will expire and will not be renewed after July 2018.
COA – Certificate of Waiver or Authorization. According to the FAA, the COA is an authorization issued by the Air Traffic Organization to a public operator for a specific UAS activity. After a complete application submittal, the FAA conducts a comprehensive operational and technical review. If necessary, provisions or limitations imposed as part of the approval to ensure the UAS can operate safely with other airspace users. In most cases, the FAA will provide a formal response within 60 days from the time a completed application is submitted. The COA is issued in the name of the university or agency and not in an individual’s name.
Model Aircraft – Model aircraft are considered differently by the FAA than other UAS and have different regulations. Model aircraft are not for business purposes, only for hobby and recreation (The use of UAS related to the System does not qualify as model aircraft regulations.) Model aircraft must be kept within visual sightline of the operator and should weigh less than 55 pounds unless certified by an aeromodelling community-based organization. Model aircraft must be flown a sufficient distance from populated areas.
Part 107- The FAA replacement for 333 exemptions and the Civil COA. Part 107 covers the requirements and limitations all small UAS (sUAS) operators must follow for aircraft which are between .55 and 55 pounds in total weight (at takeoff) and flown in the national airspace (NAS). Waivers to the provisions of any limitation are issued by the FAA , upon request of the operator, and are issued as a Certificate of Waiver (CoW) from an established limitation. UAS over 55 pounds must comply with FAA regulations relating to airworthiness and may require a licensed pilot to fly.
Pilot In Command (PIC) – The person ultimately responsible for the safe operation of the UAS. Typically, the pilot is who manipulates the UAS controls .
Property under System’s Purview – Any property owned, leased or under control by the system or a member of the system.
Public Operations (Governmental) – Whether an operation qualifies as a public aircraft operation is determined on a flight-by-flight basis under the terms of the statute. The considerations when making this determination are aircraft ownership, the PIC, the purpose of the flight,. For public aircraft operations, the FAA issues a Public Certificate of Waiver or Authorization (COA) that permits public agencies and organizations to operate a particular aircraft, for a particular purpose, in a particular area. A Public COA allows a governmental entity’s UAS operator to use a defined block of airspace and includes special safety provisions unique to the proposed operation. Accepted public uses include law enforcement, firefighting, border patrol, disaster relief, search and rescue,
System Property – Any property owned, leased or under control by system or a member of the system.
Unmanned Aircraft System(s) (UAS) – UAS are also known as or may be characterized as Drones. According to the FAA, a UAS is the unmanned aircraft and all of the associated support equipment, control station, data links, telemetry, communications and navigation equipment, etc., necessary to operate the unmanned aircraft. UAS may have a variety of names including quadcopter, quadrotor, etc. FAA regulation applies to UAS regardless of size or weight. Model aircraft are not considered by the FAA as UAS and have different regulations.